Respiratory Disease from China, Now A Pandemic

Most people in the world are keeping an eye on COVID-19 that is now infecting a large number of people at a fast rate. Different news and articles are being published online and some of them cause panic among the masses.

Preparing for this virus requires having true knowledge and learning facts about COVID-19. Spreading unhelpful rumors only add more problems to the current situation.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is a type of coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a big family of viruses that affects humans and animals alike. COVID-19 stands for CoronaVirus Disease, where 19 refers to the year 2019 when it was first reported.

Formerly 2019-nCoV, the disease originated from Wuhan China and quickly spread throughout the globe. With laboratory-confirmed cases being reported from over 100 countries, it is now officially considered a pandemic.

Its unknown nature could be the most alarming factor surrounding this coronavirus, as well as how rapidly it has spread. Its mild symptoms help it spread quickly because they may be easily overlooked.

The virus causes the infected person to show signs like fever, cough, cold, and breathing difficulty. In correlation to its effects on the respiratory system, the virus spreads via droplets of bodily fluids, namely saliva and mucus. This is a very critical contributing factor on how quickly this virus can spread.

Is it Deadly?
The way the virus spreads at an alarming speed is a logical basis to take further actions to prevent getting the disease. However, the mortality rate for COVID-19 is lower at 3.4 % (as of March 4) compared to MERSCoV’s 34%.

Individuals that are at a higher risk of fatality are mostly people with chronic illnesses such as diabetes, cancer, or heart diseases. People with low immune systems and weak respiratory systems also have a higher chance of succumbing to the virus.

The Best Way to Avoid Contracting COVID-19

Although the disease might sound alarming, panicking does not help. Knowing about the virus will surely raise our chances of taking control of the situation. You don’t have to totally avoid attending to necessary errands that expose you to the public.

Though facemasks help, there’s absolutely no reason for you to start hoarding them. Wearing facemasks decrease the risk of inhaling or contacting the infectious droplets through your mouth.

Infectious droplets might remain on some surfaces, but experts still have to know how long it can contaminate the surface. Avoid touching your face after making physical contact with items that may be infected.

So if you are shopping and you want to reduce your risk of getting the disease, you should carry a hand sanitizer or alcohol (over and above 60% solution). As simple as it may sound, washing your hands and observing proper hygiene works best to contain the viral spread.

Given that it is transmitted from person-to-person, try to avoid sick people as much as you can. Only the actively sick individuals can get others infected with the disease. This means that once a person is released from quarantine (about 14 days) and has recovered from COVID-19, they can no longer spread the virus.