Just like everything else, knowledge is power. The same holds true for breast cancer. Keeping yourself up to date with breast cancer news may help you come up with methods of prevention.
Malignant tumors that form in breast cells are cumulatively called breast cancer. Even if most breast cancer is found in women, this can also be found in men. The first symptom related to breast cancer is thickened breast tissue or a lump. Of course, lumps don’t automatically mean that you have breast cancer. There are many breast lumps that are not malignant. On the other hand, getting a check up from your doctor is highly recommended. For breast cancer, treatment may include bone directed therapy, targeted therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.
The Sister Study
A long term, large study that the National Environmental Health Sciences has funded is done at the moment to assist in finding breast cancer causes. Fifty thousand women had been enrolled in The Sister study from women who have sisters that have been diagnosed with cancer of the breast. The study follows each woman for a decade while information is collected about the environmental factors, lifestyle and genes that could be the cause of getting cancer of the breast.
The Two Sister Study
This is a Sister Study offshoot and is created to look for the probable cause of breast cancer early onset.
Lifestyle Habits and Other Factors
The risk of breast cancer has to do with inherited genes, habits and lifestyle factors. Uncover the different ways you may unknowingly be putting yourself at risk. Many studies look at the effect of diets weight loss or gain and exercise as well. There is a rapid pace of gene testing for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations.
In recent years, potential breast cancer causes have gotten more attention. While the earliest stages remain on the study of this topic, active research is going on.
New variations of genes are currently being explored by scientists that could affect the risk of cancer of the breast. Typically, variants of genes only have a modest effect on risks. However, when combined with other risk factors, there may be a larger impact, potentially.
Circulating Tumor Cells
In many breast cancer sufferers, researchers have found that cells could enter the blood after breaking away from the tumor. The tumor cells circulated can be seen with sensitive tests in the lab. These tests help to reveal if the treatment is working but it is not clear if these tests increase longevity in patients.
Lower Your Risk
For women who are at high risk for breast cancer, more research is being done to look for medication that could lower the risks involved.
One drug related to vitamin A called Fenretinide may be one method of reducing breast cancer risks. In smaller studies, this medication reduced the risk of breast cancer in the same levels as tamoxifen.
Typically, drugs for hormone therapy are used to assist in breast cancer treatment. Some may even help in prevention. Raloxifene and tamoxifene are two specific drugs that have gotten approval for these purposes. Their use is limited due to the side effects. To reduce the risk of breast cancer, other aromatase inhibitors such as letrozole, anastrozole and exemestane are also under study at the moment.